2D - SnSe2 nanoflakes on paper with 1D - NiO gate insulator based MISFET as multifunctional NIR photo switch and flexible temperature sensor

Veeralingam, Sushmitha and Badhulika, Sushmee (2020) 2D - SnSe2 nanoflakes on paper with 1D - NiO gate insulator based MISFET as multifunctional NIR photo switch and flexible temperature sensor. Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, 105. p. 104738. ISSN 13698001

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In this work, we report a simple, low cost, facile fabrication of a SnSe2 based high mobility Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor-Field-effect-transistor (MISFET) using an unconventional Mott-insulator NiO as gate dielectric for an all-paper-based multifunctional-photoswitch and temperature sensor. A single-step hydrothermal method yielded SnSe2 on cellulose paper while NiO nanofibers, synthesized using Electrospinning technique was used as gate dielectric. Cu-metal tape was used as source, drain and gate contacts while NiO and SnSe2 were used as insulator and semiconductor respectively to fabricate the MISFET. Detailed characterization studies revealed the formation of SnSe2 nanoflakes and NiO nanofibers. The transfer characteristics of SnSe2/NiO FET exhibited a transconductance of 3.25 μS and mobility of 20 cm2V−1s−1 with a Ion/Ioff ratiõ102 which are extraordinary considering the simplicity of the cleanroom free-fabrication technique adopted. The SnSe2/NiO based FET was used as a NIR-photo-switch and a flexible-temperature sensor. The flexible SnSe2 based NIR-photoswitch demonstrated a responsivity of 28 mA/cm2, detectivity of 5.25 × 106 jones. The FET-based temperature sensor exhibited a TCR value of −4.3 × 10−3 °C-1, better than many commercially available temperature-sensors. The higher responsivity can be attributed the effective photo-generated carriers and the higher TCR can be imputed to the thermally excited electrons of uniformly grown hexagonal SnSe2 nanoflakes. The fabrication technique of a paper-based FET outlined here is a step ahead in developing 2D materials based low cost, flexible multifunctional electronic-devices.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Badhulika, Sushmeeorcid.org/0000-0003-3237-3031
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hydrothermal, MISFET, NiO, Photo switch, SnSe2, Temperature sensor Indexed in Scopus
Subjects: Electrical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Library Staff
Date Deposited: 01 Oct 2019 05:33
Last Modified: 01 Oct 2019 05:33
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/6447
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.mssp.2019.104738
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