Mechanical, thermal and ablative properties of zirconia, CNT modified carbon/phenolic composites

I, Srikanth and N, Padmavathi and Kumar, Suresh and Ghosal, P and Kumar, Anil and Ch, Subrahmanyam (2013) Mechanical, thermal and ablative properties of zirconia, CNT modified carbon/phenolic composites. Composites Science and Technology, 80. pp. 1-7. ISSN 0266-3538

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Zirconium oxide (Zirconia) coating on carbon fabric (C-fabric) was developed by using zirconia sol. C-fabrics having different weight percentages (wt%) of zirconia namely 0 wt% (Blank), 3.5 wt%, 6.5 wt% and 9.5 wt% were used to make Zirconia–Carbon–Phenolic (Zr–C–Ph) composites. Similarly, 0.5 wt% multiwalled carbon nanotube (CNT) dispersed phenolic resin was used to make CNT–C–Ph composite. Thermal conductivity, ILSS and flexural strength were measured for the prepared composites. Based on the initial results, subsequently a functionally graded carbon–phenolic composite (FG-C–Ph) having CNT–C–Ph composition up to certain thickness followed by Zr–C–Ph composition for the remaining thickness was made. Thermal insulation and ablative properties for blank C–Ph, Zr–C–Ph, FG-C–Ph were studied using plasma arc jet test which was carried out at a heat flux of 4.0 MW/m2 for 30 s. Results from the plasma arc jet test show that, the temperature drop across the Zr–C–Ph composite was found to be highest while it was least for the blank. However the ablation rate was found to be highest for the FG-C–Ph while it was least for the blank. Ablation mechanisms for all the tested composites are proposed based on the SEM and XRD studies.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Ch, Subrahmanyam
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Polymer matrix composites (PMCs); Oxides; Mechanical property; High temperature property; Thermomechanical properties
Subjects: Materials Engineering > Materials engineering
Materials Engineering > Composite materials
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Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Department of Material Science Engineering
Depositing User: Users 3 not found.
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2014 06:24
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2017 06:34
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