Fault Tolerant Multilevel Inverter Topologies with Energy Balancing Capability: Photovoltaic Application

A, Madhukar Rao and K, Siva Kumar (2017) Fault Tolerant Multilevel Inverter Topologies with Energy Balancing Capability: Photovoltaic Application. PhD thesis, Indian institute of technology Hyderabad.

Thesis_Phd_EE_5710.pdf - Submitted Version

Download (6MB) | Preview


The continuous increase in energy demand and depletion of conventional resources motivates the research towards the environment friendly renewable energy sources like solar and wind energy. These sources are best suitable for rural, urban and offshore locations, because of easy installation, less running cost and ample resources (sun light and wind). The remote locations are mostly islanded in nature and far away from technical expertise in case of troubleshooting. This motivates the research on development of fault tolerant converters. These fault tolerant converters increases the reliability, which provides the continuous power supply to critical loads. From the last few decades, the integration of multilevel inverters with renewable energy systems is also increasing because of advantages like, improved power quality, total harmonic distortion (THD) and reduced output filter size requirement. Employing conventional multilevel inverters for increasing the number of voltage levels increases the device count and isolated DC sources. As a result probability of semiconductor switch failure is more and energy balancing issue between sources, which in-turn degrades the reliability and performance of the inverter. The majority of conventional multilevel inverter topologies cannot address energy balancing issues between multiple photovoltaic (PV) sources, which may need because of partial shading, hotspots, uneven charging and discharging of associated batteries etc. If energy sharing not addressed effectively, the batteries which are connected to the shaded or faulty PV system will discharge faster which may cause total system shutdown and leads to under-utilization of healthier part of the system. To address these issues, fault tolerant multilevel inverter topologies with energy balancing capability are presented in this thesis. The major contributions of the proposed work are  Single phase and three phase fault tolerant multilevel inverter topologies. viii  Energy balancing between sources and dc off set minimization (or batteries) due to uneven charging and discharging of batteries for five-level inverter.  Extending the fault tolerance and energy balancing for higher number of voltage levels. The first work of this thesis is focused to develop fault tolerant single phase and three phase multilevel inverter topologies for grid independent photovoltaic systems. The topologies are formed by using three-level and two-level half bridge inverters. The topology fed with multiple voltage sources formed by separate PV strings with MPPT charge controllers and associated batteries. Here the topologies are analyzed for different switch open circuit and/or source failures. The switching redundancy of the proposed inverters is utilized during fault condition for supplying power with lower voltage level so that critical loads are not affected. In general, the power generation in the individual PV systems may not be same at all the times, because of partial shading, local hotspots, wrong maximum power point tracking, dirt accumulation, aging etc. To address this issue energy balancing between individual sources is taken care with the help of redundant switching combinations of proposed five-level inverter carried out in second work. Because of partial shading the associated batteries with these panels will charge and discharge unevenly, which results voltage difference between terminal voltages of sources because of SOC difference. The energy balance between batteries is achieved for all operating conditions by selecting appropriate switching combination. For example during partial shading the associated battery with low SOC is discharged at slower rate than the battery with more SOC until both SOC’s are equal. This also helps in minimization of DC offset into the ac side output voltage. The mathematical analysis is presented for possible percentage of energy shared to load by both the sources during each voltage level. The third work provides single phase multilevel inverter with improved fault tolerance in terms of switch open circuit failures and energy balancing between sources. Generally multilevel inverters for photovoltaic (PV) applications are fed ix with multiple voltage sources. For majority of the multilevel inverters the load shared to individual voltage sources is not equal due to inverter structure and switching combination. This leads to under-utilization of the voltage sources. To address this issue optimal PV module distribution for multilevel inverters is proposed. Mathematical analysis is carried out for optimal sharing of PV resources for each voltage source. The proposed source distribution strategy ensures better utilization of each voltage source, as well as minimizes the control complexity for energy balancing issues. This topology requires four isolated DC-sources with a voltage magnitude of Vdc/4 (where Vdc is the voltage requirement for the conventional NPC multilevel inverter). These isolated DC voltage sources are realized with multiple PV strings. The operation of proposed multilevel single phase inverter is analyzed for different switch open-circuit failures. All the presented topologies are simulated using MATLAB/Simulink and the results are verified with laboratory prototype

[error in script]
IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Subjects: Electrical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2019 10:27
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2019 10:27
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/5710
Publisher URL:
Related URLs:

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item
Statistics for RAIITH ePrint 5710 Statistics for this ePrint Item