Fabrication of Self-cleaning Antireflective Polymer Surfaces by Mimicking Underside Leaf Hierarchical Surface Structures

Mattaparthi, Srinadh and Sharma, Chandra Shekhar (2019) Fabrication of Self-cleaning Antireflective Polymer Surfaces by Mimicking Underside Leaf Hierarchical Surface Structures. Journal of Bionic Engineering, 16 (3). pp. 400-409. ISSN 1672-6529

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In this work, we utilized underside of four different plant leaves with different scale of hierarchical surface roughness to fabricate large area self-cleaning antireflective polymer surfaces. A simple and precise two-step soft-lithography replica molding technique was deployed by using polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) polymer as a replicating material. In the first step, a negative PDMS replica was fabricated by using the underside of an original leaf as a template material. In the second step, a positive PDMS replica was fabricated through a negative PDMS replica used as a template. In order to study the non-wetting and light trapping properties, as-replicated polymer surfaces were characterized using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), contact angle goniometer, and UV-Vis spectroscopy. SEM images confirmed the successful replication of complex hierarchical structures while contact angle measurement studies established retaining high non-wetting properties in polymer replicas. Optical studies suggest near zero reflection in normal mode and less than 5% diffuse reflection when measured using integrated sphere mode. These results have been correlated and explained with the air-liquid fraction and roughness factor as measured using three-dimensional optical profilometer.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Sharma, Chandra Shekharhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3821-1471
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: biomimicking, hierarchical roughness, light trapping, natural leaf, non-wetting, replica molding
Subjects: Chemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2019 03:56
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2019 10:43
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/5453
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1007/s42235-019-0032-5
OA policy: http://sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1672-6529/
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