Glyphosate induces toxicity and modulates calcium and NO signaling in zebrafish embryos

Gaur, Himanshu and Bhargava, Anamika (2019) Glyphosate induces toxicity and modulates calcium and NO signaling in zebrafish embryos. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. ISSN 0006291X

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Glyphosate, an herbicide used worldwide, has emerged as a pollutant. However, its toxic effects are debated by regulatory authorities. Therefore, it is essential to keep the use of such chemicals under continuous observation, and their effects must be re-evaluated. We used zebrafish embryos to evaluate the toxic effects of glyphosate and its mechanisms. We found that glyphosate induced significant toxicity in a time and concentration-dependent manner. We observed an LD 50 of 66.04 ± 4.6 μg/mL after 48 h of exposure. Glyphosate significantly reduced the heartbeat in a time and concentration-dependent manner indicating cardiotoxicity. Selective downregulation of Cacana1C (L-type calcium channel) and ryr2a (Ryanodine receptor) genes along with selective upregulation of hspb11 (heat shock protein) gene was observed upon exposure to glyphosate indicating alterations in the calcium signaling. A reduction in the nitric oxide (NO) generation was also observed in the zebrafish embryos upon exposure to glyphosate. Our results indicate that glyphosate induces significant toxicity including cardiotoxicity in zebrafish embryos in a time and concentration-dependent manner. Further, cardiotoxicity may be due to changes in calcium and NO signaling.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Bhargava, Anamika
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cardiotoxicity, Glyphosate, Toxicity, Zebrafish embryo
Subjects: Others > Biotechnology
Divisions: Department of Biotechnology
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 01 May 2019 11:08
Last Modified: 01 May 2019 11:08
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