Carbon Coated SnO2 as a Negative Electrode Additive for High Performance Lead Acid Batteries and Supercapacitors

Naresh, Vangapally and Martha, Surendra Kumar (2019) Carbon Coated SnO2 as a Negative Electrode Additive for High Performance Lead Acid Batteries and Supercapacitors. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 166 (4). A551-A558. ISSN 0013-4651

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Sulfation at the negative electrode and grid corrosion at the positive electrode are the major failure modes of lead-acid batteries. To overcome the issues of sulfation, we synthesize carbon coating onto SnO2 as a negative electrode additive for lead-acid batteries. 0.25 wt% of carbon-SnO2 additive into the negative active material reduces formation cycle from 3 cycles to 1 cycle and 60% increment in capacity during the 1st cycle compare to conventional lead-acid cell. The additive cells also deliver 300 deep charge-discharge cycles at C/5 rate and >60% increase in capacity at 2C rate in relation to conventional lead-acid cells. The enhancement in capacity at all C rates and improvement in cycling is due to carbon coating which enhances the conductivity and charge storage property of negative active material. Carbon-SnO2 occupies in the pores of negative active material, restricts the growth of PbSO4 and decreases hydrogen evolution, thereby improves charge acceptance. Besides, the additive cells show 300% increase in high rate partial state of charge cycles compare to conventional lead-acid cells. The specific capacitance of carbon coated SnO2 in 4.5 M H2SO4 is 150 F g−1, at 2A g−1 with >90% capacity retention after 2000 cycles.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Martha, Surendra KumarUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Subjects: Chemistry
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2019 11:50
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2019 11:50
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