Low temperature catalyst-assisted pyrolysis of polymer precursors to carbon

Araga, Ramya and Kali, SURESH and Sharma, Chandra Shekhar (2017) Low temperature catalyst-assisted pyrolysis of polymer precursors to carbon. Bulletin of Materials Science, 40 (7). pp. 1519-1527. ISSN 0250-4707

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The aim of this work is to study the pyrolysis of polymer precursors to carbon at lower temperatures using a catalyst. We have added different weight ratios of nickel acetate tetrahydrate (NiAc) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) as catalysts into two different precursors, polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and resorcinol–formaldehyde (RF), separately. PAN composite was stabilized whereas RF composite was dried under sub-critical conditions followed by pyrolysis carried out at different temperatures. To examine the effect of pyrolysis temperature and catalyst concentration, PAN- and RF-derived carbons were characterized by elemental analysis, X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometer and small angle X-ray scattering, respectively. It was found that addition of NiAc facilitated similar carbon yield at much lower temperature than what was obtained without a catalyst. The addition of MWCNTs enhanced the crystallinity of carbon samples, which is otherwise possible only by higher heat treatment. This study clearly suggests adopting catalyst-assisted less energy intensive low temperature pyrolysis for polymer precursors to carbon with better yield as well as crystallinity.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Sharma, Chandra ShekharUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Polyacrylonitrile, resorcinol-formaldehyde, pyrolysis temperature, carbon yield crystallinity
Subjects: Chemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2018 11:20
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2018 11:20
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/4562
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1007/s12034-017-1495-9
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