Nanostructured Silicon–Carbon 3D Electrode Architectures for High-Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries

Sarode, Krishna Kumar and Ghosh, Sourav and Malladi, Sairam K and Nanda, Jagjit and Martha, Surendra Kumar (2018) Nanostructured Silicon–Carbon 3D Electrode Architectures for High-Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries. ACS Omega, 3 (8). pp. 9598-9606. ISSN 2470-1343

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Silicon is an attractive anode material for lithium-ion batteries. However, silicon anodes have the issue of volume change, which causes pulverization and subsequently rapid capacity fade. Herein, we report organic binder and conducting diluent-free silicon–carbon 3D electrodes as anodes for lithium-ion batteries, where we replace the conventional copper (Cu) foil current collector with highly conductive carbon fibers (CFs) of 5–10 μm in diameter. We demonstrate here the petroleum pitch (P-pitch) which adequately coat between the CFs and Si-nanoparticles (NPs) between 700 and 1000 °C under argon atmosphere and forms uniform continuous layer of 6–14 nm thick coating along the exterior surfaces of Si-NPs and 3D CFs. The electrodes fabricate at 1000 °C deliver capacities in excess of 2000 mA h g–1 at C/10 and about 1000 mA h g–1 at 5 C rate for 250 cycles in half-cell configuration. Synergistic effect of carbon coating and 3D CF electrode architecture at 1000 °C improve the efficiency of the Si–C composite during long cycling. Full cells using Si–carbon composite electrode and Li1.2Ni0.15Mn0.55Co0.1O2-based cathode show high open-circuit voltage of >4 V and energy density of >500 W h kg–1. Replacement of organic binder and copper current collector by high-temperature binder P-pitch and CFs further enhances energy density per unit area of the electrode. It is believed that the study will open a new realm of possibility for the development of Li-ion cell having almost double the energy density of currently available Li-ion batteries that is suitable for electric vehicles.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Martha, Surendra KumarUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Subjects: Chemistry
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2018 11:10
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2018 11:10
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