Influence of Van der Waals Forces on Elastic and Buckling Characteristics of Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes

Gangele, Aparna and Garala, S K and Pandey, Ashok Kumar (2018) Influence of Van der Waals Forces on Elastic and Buckling Characteristics of Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotubes. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences. ISSN 0020-7403 (In Press)

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Vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNTs) have been explored widely in various applications due to their unique anisotropic properties. However, its application is limited due to large aspect ratio of nanotubes which lead to buckling phenomena. In this paper, we perform a finite element analysis to predict the variation of elastic modulus and critical buckling load of VACNTs. While elastic modulus is obtained from the slope of stress-strain variation of tubes when one end is fixed and another end is subjected to longitudinal loading, critical buckling load is found using eigenvalue analysis corresponding to first buckling mode. We also perform study to show size dependence of elastic modulus and buckling load of single walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) using FEM approach and compare the results with MD results found in the literature. After validating FEM approach with available results of single-walled and double-walled carbon nanotubes, we apply the same method to arrays of VACNTs. It is found that elastic modulus of VACNTs increases from 1.18 TPa to 2.02 TPa when the size increases from 4 to 36 tubes and then it becomes nearly size independent. The variations of critical buckling load versus other parameters such as tube diameter, intertube spacing, etc., are also obtained. It is found that with the increase in diameter, there is a steep rise in the buckling load for the case of VACNTs arrays. In order to show the influence of non-linear van der Waals force in VACNTs, we compare the above results with and without the presence of van der Waals force and discuss its significance. The modelling and analysis presented in the paper can be used to optimise the number density of VACNTs for different applications.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Pandey, Ashok KumarUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Vertically aligned carbon nanotube arrays, Single-walled carbon nanotube, van der Waals interaction, Finite element method, Elastic modulus, Buckling
Subjects: Others > Mechanics
Divisions: Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2018 10:14
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2018 10:14
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