High Capacity Electrospun MgFe2 O4 -C Composite Nanofibers as an Anode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries

D, Narsimulu and Rao, B Nageswara and N, Satyanarayana and E S, Srinadhu (2018) High Capacity Electrospun MgFe2 O4 -C Composite Nanofibers as an Anode Material for Lithium Ion Batteries. ChemistrySelect, 3 (27). pp. 8010-8017. ISSN 2365-6549

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MgFe2O4-C composite nanofibers were prepared via electrospinning technique followed by carbonization at 600 °C. Thermogravimetric-differential thermal analysis (TG-DTA) results showed ignition, decomposition and carbonization temperatures of the as-grown fibers. Formation of the nanocrystalline phase of the MgFe2O4 over the amorphous phase of the carbon fibers sample was confirmed from the analysis of the measured XRD results. FE-SEM images of the as-spun and calcined fibers sample showed that the formation of one dimensional (1-D) MgFe2O4-C composite nanofibers and the formed 1-D nanofibers were well interconnected with high porous structured morphology. The electrochemical properties of the MgFe2O4-C composite nanofibers sample were tested as an anode material for lithium-ion battery. Lithium-ion battery made up of the newly developed MgFe2O4-C composite nanofibers sample, used as an anode material, showed discharge capacity of 575 mAh g−1 at a current density of 100 mA g−1 after 20th cycles. Further, the discharge capacity of the lithium-ion battery also measured at a high current density of 1 A g−1 and it was found to be 433 mAh g−1 even after 85 cycles. Also, the lithium-ion battery showed exceptional reversible capacity with the coulombic efficiency of 99.6% even after 85 cycles at a high current density of 1 A g−1. Hence the electrochemical properties suggest that the newly developed MgFe2O4-C composite nanofibers can be used as high capacity anode materials for lithium-ion batteries.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: anode material, Electrospinning, lithium-ion battery, MgFe2O4-C composite nanofiber
Subjects: Chemistry
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2018 05:54
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2018 04:58
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/4358
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1002/slct.201801014
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/2365-6549/
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