Design and Performance of Visible Light Communication Systems

Praneeth Varma, G V S S and Sharma, G V V (2018) Design and Performance of Visible Light Communication Systems. PhD thesis, Indian Institute of Technology hyderabad.

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Light has traditionally been used for making objects visible to the naked eye. Lately, there has been tremendous interest in using it for free space communication. This has simultaneously been accompanied by significant interest in light emitting diodes (LEDs) that have been replacing conventional light sources in almost all applications like television, traffic lights, homes and offices etc. LEDs are better than existing incandescent lamps in terms of long life expectancy, high tolerance to humidity, low power consumption, and minimal heat generation. Fair amount of existing literature has focused on achieving uniform irradiance over a planar surface [1–7]. This has been addressed as the problem of finding the optimal LED geometry at the light source to achieve uniform irradiance. Several computationally intensive optimization routines like evolutionary, genetic algorithms were used for power allocation for the LED sources to realise uniform irradiance on the incident surface. The most practical scenario would be the case when the LEDs are placed randomly at the source with uniform illumination being achieved through power allocation, keeping the total power constant. This is addressed as the first problem in this thesis by considering a binomial point process (BPP) based stochastic geometry. Further, a simple meta-heuristic power allocation scheme is proposed for uniform irradiance on the incident surface. Power allocation is done by maximizing a metric for uniformity of the signal to noise ratio (SNR) at the output of the photo-detector. The performance of a stochastic visible light communication (VLC) system based on a BPP with a heuristic power allocation scheme to provide uniform irradiance is analyzed in terms of bit error rate (BER). By intelligently using various approximations, an analytical expression for the BER for the BPP based VLC is obtained . This expression is then used to numerically obtain the optimum number of LEDs required for a stochastic VLC system. Such results for VLC are rare and usually restricted to light sources with a fixed geometry. The asymptotic BER for a circular BPP VLC is obtained in closed form and found to be numerically close to that for a square BPP. The BER expression is used to estimate the cost of the VLC system in terms of the number of LEDs required for optimum system performance. While a BPP based stochastic model is a powerful tool for resource allocation for VLC, it is useful to consider power allocation for a VLC based on a single realization of a stochastic point process. Here, a Matern type II hard-core point process (HCPP) is desirable, since it accounts for minimum separation between any two LEDs for better coverage. This is the focus of the next problem addressed in the thesis. The variance of the power on the receiver plane is used as an objective function. Under some conditions, this function is shown to be convex, allowing for optimum power allocation. Through numerical results, it is shown that this approach is superior to existing techniques for power allocation.

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Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Stochastic geometry, uniform illumination
Subjects: Electrical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 25 Jul 2018 10:18
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2018 10:18
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