1,2,3,4-Tetrahydroisoquinolines as inhibitors of HIV-1 integrase and human LEDGF/p75 interaction

George, Anu M and A, Gopi Krishna Reddy and G, Satyanarayana and Raghavendra, N K (2018) 1,2,3,4-Tetrahydroisoquinolines as inhibitors of HIV-1 integrase and human LEDGF/p75 interaction. Chemical Biology & Drug Design, 91 (6). pp. 1133-1140. ISSN 1747-0277

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Alkaloids are a class of organic compounds with a wide range of biological properties, including anti-HIV activity. The 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline is a ubiquitous structural motif of many alkaloids. Using a short and an efficient route for synthesis, a series of 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolines/isoquinolines was developed. These compounds have been analysed for their ability to inhibit an important interaction between HIV-1 integrase enzyme (IN) and human LEDGF/p75 protein (p75) which assists in the viral integration into the active genes. A lead compound 6d is found to inhibit the LEDGF/p75-IN interaction in vitro with an IC50 of similar to 10 mu m. Molecular docking analysis of the isoquinoline 6d reveals its interactions with the LEDGF/p75-binding residues of IN. Based on an order of addition experiment, the binding of 6d or LEDGF/p75 to IN is shown to be mutually exclusive. Also, the activity of 6d in vitro is found to be unaffected by the presence of a non-specific DNA. As reported earlier for the inhibitors of LEDGF/p75-IN interaction, 6d exhibits a potent inhibition of both the early and late stages of HIV-1 replication. Compound 6d differing from the known inhibitors in the chemical moieties and interactions with CCD could potentially be explored further for developing small molecule inhibitors of LEDGF/p75-IN interaction having a higher potency.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
G, SatyanarayanaUNSPECIFIED
Raghavendra, N Khttp://orcid.org/0000-0003-2220-1148
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: HIV-1 integrase; inhibition; interaction; isoquinoline; LEDGF/p75
Subjects: Chemistry
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 24 May 2018 11:03
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2018 11:00
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/3950
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1111/cbdd.13175
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1747-0277/
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