A CFD simulation study of boiling mechanism and BOG generation in a full-scale LNG storage tank

Saleem, Abdullah and Farooq, Shamsuzzaman and Karimi, Iftekhar A and Banerjee, Raja (2018) A CFD simulation study of boiling mechanism and BOG generation in a full-scale LNG storage tank. Computers & Chemical Engineering, 115. pp. 112-120. ISSN 0098-1354

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Despite heavy insulation, the unavoidable heat leak from the surroundings into an LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) storage tank causes boil-off-gas (BOG) generation. A comprehensive dynamic CFD simulation of an onshore full-scale LNG tank in a regasification terminal is presented. LNG is approximated as pure methane, the axisymmetric VOF (Volume of Fluid) model is used to track the vapour-liquid interface, and the Lee model is employed to account for the phase change including the effect of static pressure. An extensive investigation of the heat ingress magnitude, internal flow dynamics, and convective heat transfer gives useful insights on the boiling phenomena and a reliable quantification of the BOG. Surface evaporation is the governing boiling mechanism and nucleate boiling is unlikely with proper insulation. The critical wall superheat marking the transition from surface evaporation to nucleate boiling is estimated as 2.5–2.8 K for LNG.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Banerjee, Rajahttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-7163-1470
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: BOGBoiling mechanismCFDLNGSimulationStorage tank
Subjects: Others > Metallurgy Metallurgical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2018 04:23
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2018 04:23
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/3882
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.compchemeng.2018.04.003
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0098-1354/
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