Mathematical model of complex weld penetration profile: A case of square AC waveform arc welding

Choudhury, Sanatan and Sharma, Abhay and Mohanty, Uttam Kumar and Kasai, Ryu and Komura, Masaharu and Tanaka, Manabu and Suga, Tetsuo (2017) Mathematical model of complex weld penetration profile: A case of square AC waveform arc welding. Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 30. pp. 483-491. ISSN 1526-6125

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A new mathematical model of complex weld bead shape is presented. An ‘offsetting bi-elliptical’ model is constituted that can capture complex geometric features such as observed in square waveform welds vis-à-vis deeper central core and shallow sides with two visually distinct weld zones. The model elucidates new observations on electrode melting and weld bead formation in alternating current waveform submerged arc welding visualised through in-situ radiography imaging. The geometric attributes of constituent ellipses as function of welding process parameters are obtained with inverse modelling. The model yields high degree of accuracy in predication of bead parameters i.e. bead width, depth of penetration, bay angle and bay length for a wide range of process parameters such as EN ratio (% time an electrode remains negative) and wire-feed speed under different chemical composition of shielding flux. The investigation indicates that electrode melting and weld penetration are integrated outcomes of arc phenomena that is influenced by flux chemistry. The findings of present investigations are accomplished enough to be horizontally deployed to develop or improve existing weld bead models.

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Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The authors wish to acknowledge Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) for travel support to authors (AS and SC, respectively).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Weld bead geometry Weld penetration profile AC waveform EN ratio In-situ radiography
Subjects: Physics > Mechanical and aerospace
Divisions: Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2017 04:30
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2017 04:30
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