Electrochemical Modeling of HTPEM Fuel Cells Using Elementary Step Kinetics

Unnikrishnan, Anusree and Rajalakshmi, Natarajan and Janardhanan, V (2017) Electrochemical Modeling of HTPEM Fuel Cells Using Elementary Step Kinetics. ECS Meeting Abstracts. ISSN 2151-2043 (In Press)

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High temperature polymer electrolyte fuel cells (HT-PEM) offer certain advantages over the low temperature polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (LT-PEM). Numerical modeling is a powerful tool to understand the thermo-chemical and physico-chemical processes that takes place within the gas diffusion layer (GDL) and the catalyst layer (CL) during the cell operation. The models reported in the literature varies from simple analytical expressions to 3D models. Most of these models are based on a general Butler-Volmer equation, without giving any importance to the underlying charge transfer mechanism, and therefore the exchange current densities are fitted to some arbitrary order with respect to hydrogen and oxygen concentrations. Furthermore, most of these models are validated by reproducing the IV curve often by a one dimensional model by resolving the electrode thickness. Whenever such as validation is done, the fuel and oxidant depletion along the cell length and hence the fuel utilization is not accounted for. To the best of our knowledge no attempt has been done to date to validate the experimentally measured axial current density profile. A predictive model should be capable of predicting the measured axial current density profile and the IV curves. The objective of the current work is to develop an electrochemical model based on elementary step charge transfer that occur at the anode and cathode of the HT-PEM fuel cell. In order to develop the mechanistic steps, dissociative adsorption of H2 and O2 is considered. In addition, to account for performance drop in presence of CO, adsorption of CO is also considered in the elementary step reactions. Assuming the protonation reaction to be rate limiting at the anode three phase interface and OH formation to be rate limiting at the cathode three phase interface, Butler-Volmer expressions are derived for the charge transfer reactions at the respective electrodes.The exchange current density at the anode follows

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Janardhanan, Vhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-3458-4169
Item Type: Article
Subjects: Chemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 05:38
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2017 04:39
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/3558
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