TRANSFORM-ANN for online optimization of complex industrial processes: Casting process as case study

Miriyala, S S and Subramanian, V and Mitra, Kishalay (2018) TRANSFORM-ANN for online optimization of complex industrial processes: Casting process as case study. European Journal of Operational Research, 264 (1). pp. 294-309. ISSN 0377-2217

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Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) are well known for their credible ability to capture non-linear trends in scientific data. However, the heuristic nature of estimation of parameters associated with ANNs has prevented their evolution into efficient surrogate models. Further, the dearth of optimal training size estimation algorithms for the data greedy ANNs resulted in their overfitting. Therefore, through this work, we aim to contribute a novel ANN building algorithm called TRANSFORM aimed at simultaneous and optimal estimation of ANN architecture, training size and transfer function. TRANSFORM is integrated with three standalone Sobol sampling based training size determination algorithms which incorporate the concepts of hypercube sampling and optimal space filling. TRANSFORM was used to construct ANN surrogates for a highly non-linear industrially validated continuous casting model from steel plant. Multiobjective optimization of casting model to ensure maximum productivity, maximum energy saving and minimum operational cost was performed by ANN assisted Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithms (NSGA-II). The surrogate assisted optimization was found to be 13 times faster than conventional optimization, leading to its online implementation. Simple operator's rules were deciphered from the optimal solutions using Pareto front characterization and K-means clustering for optimal functioning of casting plant. Comprehensive studies on (a) computational time comparisons between proposed training size estimation algorithms and (b) predictability comparisons between constructed ANNs and state of art statistical models, Kriging Interpolators adds to the other highlights of this work. TRANSFORM takes physics based model as the only input and provides parsimonious ANNs as outputs, making it generic across all scientific domains.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Mitra, Kishalay
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Artificial Intelligence; Multiple objective programming; Neural Networks; Online optimization; Surrogate models
Subjects: Chemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 19 Jun 2017 12:02
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2017 04:50
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