Adsorption-Driven Catalytic and Photocatalytic Activity of Phase Tuned In2S3 Nanocrystals Synthesized via Ionic Liquids

Sharma, R K and Chouryal, Y N and Chaudhari, S and Saravanakumar, J and Dey, Suhash Ranjan and Ghosh, P (2017) Adsorption-Driven Catalytic and Photocatalytic Activity of Phase Tuned In2S3 Nanocrystals Synthesized via Ionic Liquids. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 9 (13). pp. 11651-11661. ISSN 1944-8244

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Phase tuned quantum confined In2S3 nanocrystals are accessible solvothermally using task-specific ionic liquids (ILs) as structure directing agents. Selective tuning of size, shape, morphology, and, most importantly, crystal phase of In2S3 is achieved by changing the alkyl side chain length, the H-bonding, and aromatic pi-stacking ability of the 1-alkyl-3- methylimidazolium bromide ILs, [C(n)mim]Br (n = 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10). It is observed that crystallite size is significantly less when ILs are used compared to the synthesis without ILs keeping the other reaction parameters the same. At 150 degrees C, when no IL is used, pure tetragonal form of beta-In2S3 appears however in the presence of [C(n)mim]Br [n = 2,4], at the same reaction condition, a pure cubic phase crystallizes. However, in case of methylimidazolium bromides with longer pendant alkyl chains such as hexyl (C-6), octyl (C-8) or decyl (C-10), nanoparticles of the tetragonal polymorph form. Likewise, judicious choice of reaction temperature and precursors has a profound effect to obtain phase pure and morphology controlled nanocrystals. Furthermore, the adsorption driven catalytic and photocatalytic activity of as-prepared nanosized indium sulfide is confirmed by studying the degradation of crystal violet (CV) dye in the presence of dark and visible light. A maximum of 94.8% catalytic efficiency is obtained for the In2S3 nanocrystals using tetramethylammonium bromide (TMAB) ionic liquid.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Dey, Suhash Ranjan
Item Type: Article
Additional Information: RKS acknowledge Dr. H. S. Gou r University for financial support through a graduate fellowship. Authors ackn owledge the support from Sophisticated Instrumentation Centre (SIC) and Depa rtment of Chemistry of Dr. H. S. Gour University for SEM, TEM and other characteriza tions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: phase transition, indium sulphide, ionic liquids, band gap, photocatalysis
Subjects: Materials Engineering > Materials engineering
Divisions: Department of Material Science Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2017 09:56
Last Modified: 07 Sep 2017 07:21
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