Ultra-sensitive phenol sensor based on overcoming surface fouling of reduced graphene oxide-zinc oxide composite electrode

Sha, R and Puttapati, S K and Srikanth, V V S S and Badhulika, Sushmee (2017) Ultra-sensitive phenol sensor based on overcoming surface fouling of reduced graphene oxide-zinc oxide composite electrode. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 785. pp. 26-32. ISSN 1572-6657

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A major drawback of non-enzymatic approach for phenol detection is surface fouling which results from the electrochemical oxidation of phenol to polymeric products, thereby restraining the electrode process to low concentrations and limited to single time use. In this work, we report a novel approach for Stable, non-enzymatic phenol detection using reduced Graphene Oxide (rGO)-Zinc Oxide (ZnO) composite modified Glassy Carbon Electrode (GCE) which eliminates the surface fouling effect by allowing precise selection of the sensing peak. Here, the rGO-ZnO composite was synthesized using a wet chemical method wherein rGO and ZnO were formed in-situ from GO and Zinc Acetate, respectively. The phenol sensing was investigated by differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) which yielded two peaks at 0.35 V and 0.94 V. Phenol detection was performed at a lower potential (035 V) as it eliminates the need for surface renewal of the electrode prior to each scan caused due to surface fouling thus facilitating stable and reproducible detection. The as-fabricated sensor responded linearly to phenol over two ranges, one in the range 2-15 mu M with a ultrahigh sensitivity of 1.79 mu A/mu M cm(2) and the other in the range 15-40 mu M with a sensitivity of 0389 mu A/mu M cm(2) with good reproducibility, stability, selectivity and a lower detection limit of 1.94 mu M. The sensing ability of rGO-ZnO modified GCE was studied in terms of forward biased nano Schottky barriers at the rGO-ZnO interface. This composite based sensor provides a low cost, non enzymatic and voltammetric detection of phenol in industrial and environmental analyses.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Badhulika, SushmeeUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Environmental sensors; Non-enzymatic; Phenol sensor; Reduced graphene oxide; ZnO
Subjects: Chemistry > Electrochemistry
Chemistry > Analytical chemistry
Divisions: Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2017 04:05
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2017 09:16
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/3084
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jelechem.2016.12.001
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1572-6657/
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