Paper based hydrazine monohydrate fuel cells with Cu and C composite catalysts

Lal, S and M, Deepa and Janardhanan, V and Sahu, Kirti Chandra (2017) Paper based hydrazine monohydrate fuel cells with Cu and C composite catalysts. Electrochimica Acta, 232. pp. 262-270. ISSN 0013-4686

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Self-pumping fuel cells supported on filter papers are constructed by using hydrazine monohydrate as a fuel and potassium permanganate as the oxidant. Cost effective catalysts, namely, Cu nanoparticles (NPs), functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (f-MWCNTs) and Cu-NPs@f-MWCNTs composite are synthesized and loaded onto carbon cloths, which are employed as the electrodes. The cells are operated at room temperature. The Cu-NPs@f-MWCNTs composite contained 75% and 25% of Cu-NPs and f-MWCNTs, respectively. The morphology of the composite comprises of Cu-NPs flanked to the tubular structures of f-MWCNTs, which resulted in improved electrocatalytic activity, compared to pristine Cu-NPs (which tend to aggregate severely) and pristine f-MWCNTs. The electrocatalytic activities of Cu-NPs@f-MWCNTs and Cu-NPs are comparable and superior to f-MWCNTs for hydrazine oxidation. Multiple cells with different catalyst combinations at the anode and cathode are electrochemically characterized. The cell with Cu-NPs@f-MWCNTs composite at the anode and with f-MWCNTs at the cathode produced the highest power density of 3.57 mW/cm2 at 0.89 V. For this catalyst combination, the cell retained an open circuit voltage between 1.85 V - 1.74 V for more than ten minutes of operation. Although the cell current density declined over time, it could be recovered to its original value by replenishing the cell with fresh anolyte and catholyte streams.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Janardhanan, V
Sahu, Kirti Chandra
Item Type: Article
Subjects: Chemistry
Chemical Engineering > Biochemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2017 09:30
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2017 04:41
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