Role of Ta-spacer layer on tuning the tilt angle magnetic anisotropy of L11-CoPt/Ta/NiFe exchange springs

Saravanan, P and Talapatra, A and Mohanty, Jyoti Ranjan and Hsu, J H and Kamat, S V (2017) Role of Ta-spacer layer on tuning the tilt angle magnetic anisotropy of L11-CoPt/Ta/NiFe exchange springs. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 432. pp. 82-89. ISSN 0304-8853

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L11-CoPt/Ta/NiFe trilayers are chosen as model films for probing the role of spacer layer on tuning the tilt angle magnetization in such exchange springs. For this purpose, a non-magnetic layer (Ta) with varying thickness (tTa) from 0 to 2.5 nm was inserted between 10-nm thick CoPt film exhibiting strong perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) and 4-nm thick NiFe film having in-plane magnetic anisotropy (IMA). With the insertion of Ta-spacer, the magnetic hysteresis loops become more and more tilted as tTa increases. Upon increasing the tTa from 0 to 2.5 nm, the estimated SQR⊥ (=Mr⊥/Ms⊥) from the M-H loops is found to decrease moderately; while the tilt angle magnetization (θM) increases significantly from 43 to 77°. MFM images revealed maze-like domain patterns and the domain size tends to increase at the expense of magnetic phase contrast with increasing tTa. Micro-magnetic simulation of tilt in the anisotropy axis with respect to the bare CoPt-layer showed a trend similar to that of those observed with the M-H loops obtained by VSM measurements. The results of present study suggest that the insertion of Ta-spacer is beneficial in terms of preserving the competing anisotropies such as PMA and IMA of CoPt and NiFe-layers respectively through weakened exchange coupling and further, act as an appropriate means for realizing tunable tilted magnetic anisotropy in the L11-CoPt/NiFe exchange springs.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Mohanty, Jyoti RanjanUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Exchange-springs; L11-Co-Pt; Perpendicular magnetic anisotropy; Sputtering; MFM, micromagnetic modeling
Subjects: Physics > Magnetism
Divisions: Department of Physics
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 01 Feb 2017 04:35
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2017 05:10
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