Sulfate Induced Heaving of a Taxiway: A Case Study

Puppala, A J and Chittoori, B and Saride, Sireesh (2012) Sulfate Induced Heaving of a Taxiway: A Case Study. Indian Geotechnical Journal, 42 (4). pp. 257-266. ISSN 0971-9555

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Sulfate-rich soils are typically found in arid and semiarid regions in the United States and elsewhere. Sulfates are present in various forms such as gypsum or calcium sulfate, sodium sulfate, and magnesium sulfate. Stabilization of these sulfate rich expansive soils with calcium-based chemical stabilizers such as lime and/or cement becomes counterproductive due to the formation of highly crystalline expansive minerals namely ettringite and thaumasite. These minerals are the byproducts of the reactions between the sulfates, silicates and alumina present in the soil with the calcium component of the lime/cement. Both hydration reactions and crystal growth will result in a significant amount of heaving in the sulfate-rich soils. In this paper a few case studies are presented, in general, highlighting the damage caused to civil infrastructure by the sulfate induced heaving and heaving of a local airport taxiway in particular. In addition, remedial measures that were suggested to arrest this behavior are briefly mentioned.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Saride, SireeshUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sulfate heaving, Expansive soils, Stabilization, Ettringite, Thaumasite
Subjects: Civil Engineering > Soil Structure Interaction
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Users 3 not found.
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2014 04:16
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2017 10:46
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