Bismuth sulfide nanocrystals and gold nanorods increase the photovoltaic response of a TiO2/CdS based cell

Subramanyam, P and Naresh Kumar, P and M, Deepa and Ch, Subrahmanyam and Ghosal, P (2017) Bismuth sulfide nanocrystals and gold nanorods increase the photovoltaic response of a TiO2/CdS based cell. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 159. pp. 296-306. ISSN 0927-0248

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Quantum dot sensitized solar cells (QDSSCs) were fabricated using low cost Bi2S3 nanocrystals and CdS quantum dots. Au nanorods (NRs) were synthesized by a seed-growth method and Au NRs were deposited over a TiO2/Bi2S3/CdS electrode by a drop casting method. The Au NRs increased the light absorption of the photoanode, TiO2/Bi2S3/CdS/Au NRs, through plasmonic effects. CdS QDs absorb in the visible region, Bi2S3 nanocrystals absorb almost in the near infrared (NIR) region, and Au NRs show near field plasmonic effects and are also capable of hot electron transfer, and therefore this combined electrode is expected to deliver high power conversion efficiencies (PCEs). Upon illumination, electron-hole pairs are generated in CdS and Bi2S3, and the excited electrons are transferred to TiO2 directly or via the equilibrated Fermi level induced by Au NRs. QDSSCs with different photoanode compositions were fabricated with functionalized MWCNTs as a counter electrode and a Na2S solution as an electrolyte. Among all cells, the highest PCE achieved for the champion cell is 4.26%, with a TiO2/Bi2S3/CdS/Au NRs photoanode, with an active area of 0.13 cm2, and 3.83%, when the area was increased to 0.51 cm2. Retention of a moderately high efficiency upon scale-up indicates that the photoactive material packing over the substrates requires some more improvement to match the values attained when the cells were fabricated over small areas. Compared to CdS QDs, Bi2S3 nanocrystals are less toxic, and have a bandgap of 1.55 eV. The cell with a TiO2/Bi2S3/Au NRs photoanode also shows a high PCE of 2%. The use of Bi2S3 nanocrystals to yield high efficiency QDSSCs is a small but a vital step towards developing cells with low toxicity.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Ch, Subrahmanyam
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Quantum dots; Solar cells; Bismuth sulfide; Gold nanorods; Plasmons
Subjects: Chemistry
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2016 06:09
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2017 05:44
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