Solid-State Fermentation vs Submerged Fermentation for the Production of l-Asparaginase

Doriya, K and Jose, N and Gowda, M and Devarai, Santhosh Kumar (2016) Solid-State Fermentation vs Submerged Fermentation for the Production of l-Asparaginase. In: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research. Elsevier, pp. 115-135. ISBN 978-0-12-803847-5

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l-Asparaginase, an enzyme that catalyzes l-asparagine into aspartic acid and ammonia, has relevant applications in the pharmaceutical and food industry. So, this enzyme is used in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, a malignant disorder in children. This enzyme is also able to reduce the amount of acrylamide found in carbohydrate-rich fried and baked foods which is carcinogenic to humans. The concentration of acrylamide in food can be reduced by deamination of asparagine using l-Asparaginase. l-Asparaginase is present in plants, animals, and microbes. Various microorganisms such as bacteria, yeast, and fungi are generally used for the production of l-Asparaginase as it is difficult to obtain the same from plants and animals. l-Asparaginase from bacteria causes anaphylaxis and other abnormal sensitive reactions. To overcome this, eukaryotic organisms such as fungi can be used for the production of l-Asparaginase. l-Asparaginase can be produced either by solid-state fermentation (SSF) or by submerged fermentation (SmF). SSF is preferred over SmF as it is cost effective, eco-friendly and it delivers high yield of enzyme. SSF process utilizes agricultural and industrial wastes as solid substrate. The contamination level is substantially reduced in SSF through low moisture content. Current chapter will discuss in detail the chemistry and applications of l-Asparaginase enzyme and various methods available for the production of the enzyme, especially focusing on the advantages and limitations of SSF and SmF processes.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Devarai, Santhosh KumarUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Book Section
Uncontrolled Keywords: l-Asparaginase; Acute lymphoblastic leukemia; Submerged fermentation; Solid-state fermentation; Acrylamide; Purification
Subjects: Chemical Engineering > Biochemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2016 06:33
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2017 11:26
Publisher URL:
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