Durable Li-S Batteries with Nano-Sulfur/Graphite Nanoplatelets Composites

Mukkabla, R and Meduri, Praveen and M, Deepa and Ghosal, P (2016) Durable Li-S Batteries with Nano-Sulfur/Graphite Nanoplatelets Composites. Chemical Engineering Journal, 303. pp. 369-383. ISSN 1385-8947

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Sulfur composites were prepared with graphite nanoplatelets (GNPs) for the first time, wherein the GNPs served as a scaffold for tethering the nano-sulfur (nano-S) particles. Three protocols were employed: (i) an in-situ route, wherein the GNPs (40 wt%) were introduced in the precursor solution of nano-S, (ii) by ex-situ mixing of solid GNPs (40 wt%) with solid nano-S, and (iii) by using a combination of methods (i) and (ii). The sulfur particles are uniformly and contiguously attached to the ribbon like graphitic nanoplatelets in the nano-S/GNPs (ex-situ 20 wt% + in-situ 20 wt%) composite, whereas in the other two composites, the sulfur particles tend to agglomerate over different regions of the platelet fibers. A comparative study of the electrochemical performances of half-cells based on the three composites, nano-S and S revealed that the nano-S/GNPs (ex-situ 20 wt% + in-situ 20 wt%) composite retains 73% of its’ original capacity at the end of 100 cycles with a reversible capacity of 610 mAh gsulfur-1. The cell also showed an outstanding rate capability for the cell capacity reverted to nearly the same value, when the C-rate was ricocheted to 0.1 C after going through higher C-rates. The role of GNPs and the dependence of the method of embedding sulfur particles on GNPs demonstrate that GNPs have tremendous promise to unlock the potential of sulfur for producing cells with reproducible, stable and durable charge storage characteristics.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Meduri, PraveenUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Graphite nanoplatelets; Nano sulfur; Lithium polysulfides; Specific capacity; Batteries
Subjects: Chemistry
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2016 05:15
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2017 06:52
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/2428
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2016.05.146
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1385-8947/
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