Pullout capacity of ladder-type metal reinforcements in tire shred-sand mixtures

Mohan, V K D and Kim, H and B, Umashankar and Prezzi, M (2016) Pullout capacity of ladder-type metal reinforcements in tire shred-sand mixtures. Construction and Building Materials, 113. pp. 544-552. ISSN 0950-0618

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Tire shreds have gained wide acceptance as an engineered fill in the last two decades. Ladder-type metal reinforcement can be used to reinforce MSE walls with tire shred-sand mixtures as a backfill material. This paper reports the results of laboratory pullout testing performed on ladder-type metal reinforcement embedded in tire shred-sand mixtures. The ladder-type metal reinforcement consists of two parallel longitudinal steel bars welded to a series of cross bars forming rectangular apertures. Mixtures of Ottawa sand with 50–100 mm size tire shreds were prepared at different mixing ratios (0%, 20%, 25%, and 35% by weight of tire shreds). Pullout tests were performed under three normal stresses – 40 kPa, 65 kPa, and 90 kPa. The test results show that the ladder-type metal reinforcement provides higher pullout resistance in tire shred-sand mixtures than in sand alone. Compared to metal-strip reinforcement, ladder-type metal reinforcement provides higher pullout capacity due to the passive resistance that results from the interlocking of tire shreds within the grids of the ladder-type reinforcement. The pullout resistance increased with increasing tire shred content up to 35% (by weight of tire shreds), beyond which segregation of the mixtures was observed.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tire shreds; Lightweight backfill; Reinforcement; Pullout capacity; MSE walls
Subjects: Civil Engineering > Structural engineering and underground construction
Civil Engineering > Soil Structure Interaction
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2016 04:18
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2017 06:28
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/2257
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.02.160
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0950-0618/
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