Nonlinear Finite-Element Analysis of RC Bridge Columns under Torsion with and without Axial Compression

Mondal, T G and S, Suriya Prakash (2016) Nonlinear Finite-Element Analysis of RC Bridge Columns under Torsion with and without Axial Compression. Journal of Bridge Engineering, 21 (2). ISSN 1084-0702

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Finite-element (FE) modeling of RC structures under combined loading has received considerable attention in recent years. However, the combination of torsion and axial compression has been rarely studied in spite of its frequent occurrence in bridge columns under earthquake loading. This paper aims at creating a nonlinear FE model to predict the behavior of RC bridge columns under combined torsion and axial compression. A number of circular and square columns were analyzed. The developed FE model was calibrated on local and global behavior through comparison with test data. The overall torque-twist behavior of the members was captured well by the developed FE models. The predicted values of strain in the longitudinal and transverse reinforcement matched closely with the experimental results. An increase in transverse steel ratio was found to increase the torsional capacity and limit the damage of columns under torsion. It was further observed that at a low level of axial compression, the torsional capacity of columns is enhanced. In addition, the FE analysis showed a good agreement on the identification of the damage mechanism and the progression of failure. The shape of the cross section is found to play a major role in the distribution of torsional damage in the columns. Square columns exhibited a more localized damage due to presence of warping, whereas circular columns exhibited damage distributed along their length. (C) 2015 American Society of Civil Engineers.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
S, Suriya Prakash
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Finite-element analysis; Reinforced concrete columns; Torsion; Axial compression; Shear flow thickness; Spalling of cover
Subjects: Civil Engineering > Bridges
Civil Engineering > Soil Structure Interaction
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2016 05:05
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2017 09:09
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