Study of surfactant-added TMAH for applications in DRIE and wet etching-based micromachining

Tang, B and Shikida, M and Pal, Prem and Amakawa, H and Hida, H and Fukuzawa, K (2010) Study of surfactant-added TMAH for applications in DRIE and wet etching-based micromachining. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 20 (6). ISSN 0960-1317

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In this paper, etching anisotropy is evaluated for a number of different crystallographic orientations of silicon in a 0.1 vol% Triton-X-100 added 25 wt% tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) solution using a silicon hemisphere. The research is primarily aimed at developing advanced applications of wet etching in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). The etching process is carried out at different temperatures in the range of 61-81 °C. The etching results of silicon hemisphere and different shapes of three-dimensional structures in 1 0 0- and 1 1 0-Si surfaces are analyzed. Significantly important anisotropy, different from a traditional etchant (e.g. pure KOH and TMAH), is investigated to extend the applications of the wet etching process in silicon bulk micromachining. The similar etching behavior of exact and vicinal 1 1 0 and 1 1 1 planes in TMAH + Triton is utilized selectively to remove the scalloping from deep reactive-ion etching (DRIE) etched profiles. The direct application of the present research is demonstrated by fabricating a cylindrical lens with highly smooth etched surface finish. The smoothness of a micro-lens at different locations is measured qualitatively by a scanning electron microscope and quantitatively by an atomic force microscope. The present paper provides a simple and effective fabrication method of the silicon micro-lens for optical MEMS applications.

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Item Type: Article
Subjects: Physics
Divisions: Department of Physics
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Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2014 08:16
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2017 06:13
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