Use of lightweight ECS as a fill material to control approach embankment settlements

Saride, Sireesh and Puppala, A J and Williammee, R and Sirigiripet, S K (2010) Use of lightweight ECS as a fill material to control approach embankment settlements. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 22 (6). pp. 607-617. ISSN 0899-1561

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A research study was conducted to evaluate the use of light weight aggregate (LWA) material produced from the manufacturing of expanded clay and shale (ECS) for potential use as a roadway approach embankment material. The use of such LWAs is expected to reduce stresses on subgrade foundation, which in turn could lead to less or no approach settlements. The test site was constructed on the south end of a new bridge overpass on State Highway 360 in Arlington, Texas and a control section was constructed on the north end of the same bridge. In the control section, a low plastic borrow soil (normal fill) was used as an embankment fill material. This paper presents both laboratory and field evaluations of the utilization of both ECS material and conventional borrow soil as embankments fill material. Shear strength and consolidation tests were performed to evaluate strength and compressibility characteristics. The embankment section was instrumented with vertical inclinometers to monitor the fill movements due to field loading conditions. Pavement surface profiling of both ends of the bridge was also performed at regular time intervals. Numerical simulations of test sections were also attempted. Based on the data obtained from experimental, field monitoring and numerical studies, it can be mentioned that the utilization of ECS LWAs are efficient in minimizing the bridge approach embankment settlements and reduced bump problems at the entry and departure of the bridges. © 2010 ASCE.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Saride, SireeshUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Embankment fill, Expanded clay and shale, Instrumentation, Surface profiling, Approach slab, Settlement, Bump
Subjects: Civil Engineering > Soil Structure Interaction
Civil Engineering > Structural engineering and underground construction
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Users 3 not found.
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2014 10:41
Last Modified: 01 Sep 2017 10:50
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