Numerical Investigation of In-Cylinder Fuel Atomization and Mixing For a GDI Engine

Rangarajan, A M and Banerjee, Raja (2013) Numerical Investigation of In-Cylinder Fuel Atomization and Mixing For a GDI Engine. In: Proceeding of the 22nd National and 11th International ISHMT-ASME Heat and Mass Transfer Conference, December, 2013, IIT, Kharagpur.

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Gasoline Direct Injection (GDI) engines have been shown to have better fuel economy, transient response and cold-start hydrocarbon emissions. Additionally they have lower NOx emissions when operated under lean conditions. However, controlling charge stratification under various load conditions is a major challenge in GDI engines. In the present study a numerical simulations have been performed to understand factors affecting air/fuel mixture preparation under various engine operating conditions. Fuel spray atomization was studied using the two-way coupled Eulerian-Lagrangian approach. Momentum, energy and species equations were solved for the continuous gas phase. The droplet life history was tracked using the Lagrangian approach. Parameters like fuel injection time, fuel mass flow rate and engine speed was varied to determine their effect on air/fuel mixture preparation inside the cylinder. NOMENCLATURE A Area (m 2) B Spalding number Cd Coefficient of discharge Cp Constant pressure specific heat (kJ/kgK) do Injector inner diameter (m) Dp Droplet diameter (m) Fs Surface force (N) Fb Body force (N) g Acceleration due to gravity (m/s 2) he Heat transfer coefficient (WK/m 2

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Banerjee, Raja
Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Physics > Mechanical and aerospace
Divisions: Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2015 08:46
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2017 03:54
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