Bio-waste derived adsorbent material for methylene blue adsorption

Reddy, P M K and Verma, P and Ch, Subrahmanyam (2016) Bio-waste derived adsorbent material for methylene blue adsorption. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 58. pp. 500-508. ISSN 1876-1070

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Corn cobs were used as a source to prepare activated carbon by physical activation methods with CO2 and steam at high temperature of 1173 K. The adsorption studies of a basic dye, methylene blue, on the activated carbon were investigated. The effects of various experimental parameters like contact time, adsorbent dosage, MB concentration and temperature were studied using batch adsorption experiments. The characterization of the activated carbon was accomplished by using BET-N2 adsorption, Temperature programmed decomposition (TPD) and Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The results obtained from adsorption studies follow Langmuir adsorption isotherm with maximum monolayer capacity of 100 mg/g for CCC and 75.5 mg/g for SCC. The kinetics of adsorption was analyzed by different kinetic models like pseudo first order, pseudo second order, intraparticle diffusion and Evolich. Among these, pseudo second order was found to be the most appropriate to study the adsorption of MB on physically activated carbon. The process was found to be endothermic with enthalpy change, ΔH (kJ/ mol) of 43.27 (CCC), 38.45 (SCC), and entropy change, ΔS (kJ/ mol) of 1.57 (CCC), 1.33 (SCC) for a temperature change of 300–330 K. The negative value of ΔG˚ (kJ/ mol), of −29.92 (CCC), −11.14 (SCC), −7.09 (NCC) and −2.14 (PCC), suggests the spontaneous adsorption of MB on activated carbon.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Ch, Subrahmanyam
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Corn cob, Methylene blue, TPD, Activated carbon, Kinetics, Isotherm
Subjects: Chemistry > Organic chemistry
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Chemical Engineering > Biochemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2015 09:43
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2017 05:49
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