Roles of supports (γ-Al2O3, SiO2, ZrO2) and performance of metals (Ni, Co, Mo) in steam reforming of isobutanol

Dhanala, V and Maity, Sunil Kumar and Shee, Debaprasad (2015) Roles of supports (γ-Al2O3, SiO2, ZrO2) and performance of metals (Ni, Co, Mo) in steam reforming of isobutanol. RSC Advances, 5. pp. 52522-52532. ISSN 2046-2069

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The production of synthesis gas from bio-isobutanol in an integrated biorefinery is a novel approach for its downstream conversion to hydrocarbon fuels and organic chemicals. The present article provides a systematic examination of the structure–activity correlation of various supported transition metal catalysts, xMS (x mmol metal, M (Ni, Co, and Mo) supported on S (Al, Si, and Zr for γ-Al2O3, SiO2, and ZrO2 respectively)) for steam reforming (SR) of bio-isobutanol. The activity of the catalyst was strongly influenced by metal-support interaction as reflected by metal dispersion, metal crystallite size, and extent of bulk metal/metal oxide. The catalytic activity increased in the order of 4.3NiZr < 4.3NiSi < 4.3NiAl and 4.3MoAl < 4.3CoAl < 4.3NiAl. 7.3CoAl exhibited consistent catalytic activity up to 12 h of time-on-stream. The hydrogen yield was boosted with rise of temperature and steam-to-carbon mole ratio (SCMR) with concurrent drop of selectivity to methane. The selectivity to CO reduced with increasing SCMR and decreasing temperature. Furthermore, spent catalysts were characterized to elucidate the effect of metal and support on the nature of coke formed and chemical transformation of the catalyst during SR.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Maity, Sunil Kumar
Shee, DebaprasadUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Subjects: Chemical Engineering > Metallurgy
Chemical Engineering > Biochemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2015 07:31
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2017 05:05
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