Electrochromic device response controlled by an in situ polymerized ionic liquid based gel electrolyte

Sydam, R and M, Deepa and Srivastava, A K (2012) Electrochromic device response controlled by an in situ polymerized ionic liquid based gel electrolyte. RSC Advances, 2. pp. 9011-9021. ISSN 2046-2069

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Polymer electrolytes were synthesized by two different approaches and applied to electrochromic devices based on electrodeposited tungsten oxide (WO3) or poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) films as the cathode, and a Prussian blue (PB) film as the anode. The first method involved the entrapping of an ionic liquid in a polymer host (poly(methylmethacrylate) or PMMA) and the second approach relied on the in situ thermal polymerization of methylmethacrylate (MMA) in the hydrophobic ionic liquid, yielding a solidified transparent gel. The effect of in situ solid polymer electrolyte formation on device performance characteristics was realized in terms of a larger coloration efficiency of 119 cm2 C21 (l = 550 nm) achieved for the WO3–PB (MMA) device, as compared to a value of 54 cm2 C21 obtained for the WO3–PB (PMMA) device. Similar enhancements in electrochromic coloring efficiency, reflectance contrast, and faster switching kinetics were obtained for the PEDOT–PB (MMA) device. The strategy of introducing an electrolyte to the electrochromic device in a liquid state and then subjecting the same to gradual polymerization allows greater accessibility of the electrolyte ions to the active sites on the electrochromic electrodes and superior interfacial contact. As a consequence, larger optical contrast and faster kinetics are achieved in the MMA based devices. While PEDOT films were amorphous, PB films were semi-crystalline but only in the case of WO3; the hexagonal structure of WO3, equipped with three/four/six-coordinated voids was found to affect bleaching kinetics favorably. The performance of PMMA based electrolyte is limited by high resistance at the electrode–electrolyte interface, and a smaller number of ions available for oxidation and reduction. Large area (y10 cm 6 4 cm) devices were also fabricated using this simple wet chemistry method and their ability to color uniformly without any pinholes was demonstrated.

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IITH Creators:
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Item Type: Article
Subjects: Chemistry
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Users 3 not found.
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2014 07:11
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2017 09:46
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/161
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1039/c2ra20360j
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/2046-2069/
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