Internal reforming of biogas in SOFC: a model based investigation

Janardhanan, V (2015) Internal reforming of biogas in SOFC: a model based investigation. Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 19 (10). pp. 2981-2990. ISSN 1432-8488

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This paper presents a multiphysics model for the simulation of solid oxide fuel cell operating on biogas without external reforming. The model accounts for multicomponent species transport, heterogeneous reaction kinetics on Ni cermet anode, H2 electrochemical oxidation, and charge transport in the cermet electrodes and electrolyte. The model uses only three adjustable parameters that are fitted against one set of experimental data and then kept constant throughout the study. The model predicted voltage fluctuations are in excellent agreement with experimental measurements reported in the literature. The model also reveals that the assumption of H2 as the only electrochemically active species is probably inadequate to explain the behavior of cells operating directly on biogas. Thermodynamic analysis is further performed to support this claim made based on model predictions. The model results demonstrate that the thickness of electrochemically active layer is independent of fuel composition under fuel rich conditions, however, thins down as the fuel becomes more and more diluted.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Janardhanan, V
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biogas, SOFC, Kinetics, Modeling
Subjects: Chemical Engineering > Explosives, fuels, related products
Chemical Engineering > Biochemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2015 06:22
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2017 04:45
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