Galerkin approximations with embedded boundary conditions for retarded delay differential equations

Ahsan, Zaid and Uchida, T and Vyasarayani, C P (2015) Galerkin approximations with embedded boundary conditions for retarded delay differential equations. Mathematical and Computer Modelling of Dynamical Systems, 21 (6). pp. 560-572. ISSN 1387-3954 (In Press)

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Finite-dimensional approximations are developed for retarded delay differential equations (DDEs). The DDE system is equivalently posed as an initial-boundary value problem consisting of hyperbolic partial differential equations (PDEs). By exploiting the equivalence of partial derivatives in space and time, we develop a new PDE representation for the DDEs that is devoid of boundary conditions. The resulting boundary condition-free PDEs are discretized using the Galerkin method with Legendre polynomials as the basis functions, whereupon we obtain a system of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) that is a finite-dimensional approximation of the original DDE system. We present several numerical examples comparing the solution obtained using the approximate ODEs to the direct numerical simulation of the original non-linear DDEs. Stability charts developed using our method are compared to existing results for linear DDEs. The presented results clearly demonstrate that the equivalent boundary condition-free PDE formulation accurately captures the dynamic behaviour of the original DDE system and facilitates the application of control theory developed for systems governed by ODEs.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Vyasarayani, Chandrika Prakash
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: boundary condition; delay differential equation; Galerkin method; retarded DDE; stability
Subjects: Physics > Mechanical and aerospace
Divisions: Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2015 10:19
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2022 05:31
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