Antibiotic Pollution in the Environment: A Review

Gothwal, R and T, Shashidhar (2015) Antibiotic Pollution in the Environment: A Review. CLEAN - Soil, Air, Water, 43 (4). pp. 479-489. ISSN 1863-0650

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Antibiotics have been extensively and effectively used in human and veterinary medicines. Their benefits have been recognized in agriculture, aquaculture, bee-keeping, and livestock as growth promoters. This paper collects information from several investigations on the sources and occurrences of antibiotics in natural and artificial environmental systems. Several antibiotics were reported for their occurrences in water resources, effluent from industries, sludge, manure, soil, plants, and organisms across the globe. Sorption, photo-degradation, biodegradation, and oxidation were recognized as the main elimination pathways for these compounds and have been discussed in detail. The adverse effects of the pollutants were also highlighted and necessary suggestions were made for effective monitoring and mitigating pollution, which may provide the scope for future research.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Thatikonda, Shashidhar
Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Supporting information -
Uncontrolled Keywords: Drugs;Elimination pathways;Occurrence;Resistance;Sources
Subjects: Civil Engineering > Soil Structure Interaction
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 05 May 2015 05:18
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2022 06:29
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