Protein Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes-based Smart Lab-on-a-Chip

Ali, Md. A and Solanki, P R and Srivastava, S and Singh, S and Agrawal, V V and John, Renu and Malhotra, B D (2015) Protein Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes-based Smart Lab-on-a-Chip. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 7 (10). pp. 5837-5846. ISSN 1944-8244

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A label-free impedimetric lab on a chip (iLOC) is fabricated using protein (bovine serum albumin) and antiapolipoprotein B functionalized carbon nanotubes-nickel oxide (CNT-NiO) nanocomposite for low-density lipoprotein (LDL) detection. The antiapolipoprotein B (AAB) functionalized CNT-NiO microfluidic electrode is assembled with polydimethylsiloxane rectangular microchannels (cross section: 100 × 100 μm). Cytotoxicity of the synthesized CNTs, NiO nanoparticles, and CNT-NiO nanocomposite has been investigated in the presence of lung epithelial cancer A549 cell line using MTT assay. The CNT-NiO nanocomposite shows higher cell viability at a concentration of 6.5 μg/mL compared to those using individual CNTs. The cell viability and proliferation studies reveal that the toxicity increases with increasing CNTs concentration. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies have been used to quantify the functional groups present on the CNT-NiO electrode surface before and after proteins functionalization. The binding kinetic and electrochemical activities of CNT-NiO based iLOC have been conducted using chronocoulometry and impedance spectroscopic techniques. This iLOC shows excellent sensitivity of 5.37 kΩ (mg/dL)-1 and a low detection limit of 0.63 mg/dL in a wide concentration range (5-120 mg/dL) of LDL. The binding kinetics of antigen-antibody interaction of LDL molecules reveal a high association rate constant (8.13 M-1 s-1). Thus, this smart nanocomposite (CNT-NiO) based iLOC has improved stability and reproducibility and has implications toward in vivo diagnostics. (Chemical Presented).

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
John, Renu
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: antiapolipoprotein B; cytotoxicity; impedance; lab-on-a-chip; label-free immunosensor; low density lipoprotein
Subjects: Biomedical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Biomedical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2015 11:30
Last Modified: 05 Dec 2017 04:21
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