Low complex, programmable FPGA based 8-channel ultrasound transmitter for medical imaging researches

C, Dusa and P, Rajalakshmi and Puli, S and Desai, U B and Merchant, S N (2014) Low complex, programmable FPGA based 8-channel ultrasound transmitter for medical imaging researches. In: 16th IEEE International Conference on e-Health Networking, Applications and Services, Healthcom 2014, 15-18 October, 2014, Natal; Brazil.

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In commercial ultrasound systems, the transmit module typically generates the time delayed excitation pulses to steer and focus the acoustic beam. However, the ultrasound transmitter module in these systems has limited access to medical ultrasound researchers. In this paper, we have presented the development of a programmable architecture for 8-channel ultrasound transmitter for medical ultrasound research activities. The proposed architecture consists of 8 transmit channels and Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) based configurable delay profile to steer acoustic beam, transmit frequency and pulse pattern length depending on the medical application. Our system operates in pulse-echo mode, with ultrasound transmit frequency up to 20 MHz, excitation voltage up to 100 Vpp, and individual channel control with single high speed Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI). Pre-calculated delay profiles per scanline are generated in Matlab, based on physical parameters of 8 element linear transducer array which are used to steer and focus the ultrasound beam. An experiment is carried with our transmit module to transmit ultrasound into gelatin phantom, acquired echoes and processed for B-mode imaging. The results show that this transmit platform can be used for ultrasound imaging researches and also for medical diagnosis.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: field programmable gate array; high voltage pulser; transmit beamformer; Ultrasonic imaging; ultrasonic transducer array
Subjects: Others > Electricity
Physics > Electricity and electronics
Divisions: Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 18 Feb 2015 09:20
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2015 09:41
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/1342
Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/HealthCom.2014.7001850
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