Effect of poling process on piezoelectric properties of sol-gel derived BZT-BCT ceramics

Praveen, J P and Karthik, T and James, A R and Chandrakala, E and Asthana, Saket and Das, D (2015) Effect of poling process on piezoelectric properties of sol-gel derived BZT-BCT ceramics. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 35 (6). pp. 1785-1798. ISSN 0955-2219

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Lead free piezoelectric ceramics barium zirconate titanate-barium calcium titanate, [xBZT-(1-x)BCT] (0.48≤ x ≤0.52), were synthesized by sol-gel method. Calcination of the as-synthesized precursor powders resulted in crystalline powders with single-phase perovskite structure at 700°C, which is significantly lower than that obtained by solid-state reaction. Solid-state sintering at 1450°C resulted in highly dense microstructure with ≥95% of the theoretical density. The effect of electric poling on the piezoelectric properties of the sintered [xBZT-(1-x)BCT] ceramics is studied with varying poling temperatures and poling fields. The results indicated that optimized poling conditions are required in enhancing the piezoelectric properties of [xBZT-(1-x)BCT] ceramics. The morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) composition, 0.5BZT-0.5BCT, showed a high remanent polarization (P r) of 12.2μC/cm2 and a low coercive field (E c) of ~0.14kV/mm. The optimized poling conditions resulted in high piezoelectric charge coefficient d 33 ~637pC/N, large electromechanical coupling coefficient k p ~59.6%, a large strain of 0.157%, a large piezoelectric voltage constant g 33 ~29mVm/N for (0.5BZT-0.5BCT) composition. In this report, the excellent piezoelectric properties of the sol-gel derived BZT-BCT ceramics has been analysed and correlated to its structure and poling conditions.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Asthana, Sakethttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-6420-3304
Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The authors would also like to acknowledge the support received from University Grants Commission (UGC) for providing Maulana Azad National Fellowship (MANF) to Paul Praveen.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Piezoelectric; Ferroelectric; Microstructure; BCZT ceramics; Piezoelectric charge coefficient
Subjects: Physics
Divisions: Department of Physics
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2015 05:40
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2017 09:38
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/1301
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2014.12.010
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0955-2219/
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