Droplet vaporization modeling of rapeseed and sunflower methyl esters

Dirbude, S and Eswaran, Vinayak and Kushari, A (2012) Droplet vaporization modeling of rapeseed and sunflower methyl esters. Fuel, 92 (1). pp. 171-179. ISSN 0016-2361

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For numerical simulations of the combustion of liquid fuels, a thoroughly validated and verified quantitative model for droplet evaporation is necessary. In this work a simple single droplet infinite conductivity model is simulated for low pressure (0.1 MPa) and various temperatures (550–1050 K) using a chosen property rule (see Eq. (7)) and five convection correlations (C1, C2, C3, C4, and C5, see (Table 1) to obtain the temporal evolution of droplet diameter squared, droplet surface temperature and average evaporation rates of vegetable oil derived biofuels – rapeseed methyl ester (RME) and sunflower methyl ester (SME) – under near-quiescent conditions. The predictions are compared with the experimental and analytical results of Morin et al. [1]. The model uses an effective Reynolds number to conflate the effects of forced and natural convection. It is observed that the predicted temporal history of droplet diameter for RME droplet matches more closely with correlation C1 for Tamb ⩽ 748 K and correlation C2 for Tamb ⩾ 803 K at various ambient temperatures (i.e., from low to high evaporation rate). The correct droplet lifetime is predicted best by C1 for all temperatures. For average evaporation rates for SME, C1 best fits the experimental data. For the average evaporation rate of RME, the present model with C1 gives a better prediction than the theoretical, and corrected theoretical results of Morin et al. [1], and is observed to match closely with their experimental results. The present results using C2 are also found close to the experimental results for RME and SME. It is observed that the oxidation of RME/SME is similar to n-decane – a pure component fuel.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Eswaran, VinayakUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Authors are grateful to the reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Droplet evaporation modeling; Spray combustion; Convection correlations; Evaporation constant; Quasi-steady theory
Subjects: Physics > Mechanical and aerospace
Divisions: Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2014 10:07
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2017 10:54
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/1268
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2011.07.030
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0016-2361/
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