Reliability-based load and resistance factor design approach for external seismic stability of reinforced soil walls

Basha, B Munwar and Sivakumar Babu, G L (2014) Reliability-based load and resistance factor design approach for external seismic stability of reinforced soil walls. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 60. pp. 8-21. ISSN 0267-7261

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Load and resistance factor design (LRFD) approach for the design of reinforced soil walls is presented to produce designs with consistent and uniform levels of risk for the whole range of design applications. The evaluation of load and resistance factors for the reinforced soil walls based on reliability theory is presented. A first order reliability method (FORM) is used to determine appropriate ranges for the values of the load and resistance factors. Using pseudo-static limit equilibrium method, analysis is conducted to evaluate the external stability of reinforced soil walls subjected to earthquake loading. The potential failure mechanisms considered in the analysis are sliding failure, eccentricity failure of resultant force (or overturning failure) and bearing capacity failure. The proposed procedure includes the variability associated with reinforced backfill, retained backfill, foundation soil, horizontal seismic acceleration and surcharge load acting on the wall. Partial factors needed to maintain the stability against three modes of failure by targeting component reliability index of 3.0 are obtained for various values of coefficients of variation (COV) of friction angle of backfill and foundation soil, distributed dead load surcharge, cohesion of the foundation soil and horizontal seismic acceleration. A comparative study between LRFD and allowable stress design (ASD) is also presented with a design example

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IITH CreatorsORCiD
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Limit states; Load factors; Load resistance factor design; Reinforced soil wall; Reliability analysis; Resistance factors
Subjects: Civil Engineering > Soil Structure Interaction
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2014 11:54
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2017 09:09
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