A WO3-poly(butyl viologen) layer-by-layer film/ruthenium purple film based electrochromic device switching by 1 volt application

Sydam, R and M, Deepa and S M, Shivaprasad and Srivastava, A K (2014) A WO3-poly(butyl viologen) layer-by-layer film/ruthenium purple film based electrochromic device switching by 1 volt application. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 132. pp. 148-161. ISSN 0927-0248

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A layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly of poly(butyl viologen) (PBV) and poly(peroxotungstate) was used for preparing a cathodically coloring dual electrochrome WO3-PBV film. A new formulation containing ferrocenecarboxaldehyde and potassium hexacyanoruthenate(II) was employed for the first time and anodically coloring ruthenium purple (RP) thin films were electrodeposited. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared analyses confirmed the RP film structure to be an inorganic coordination polymer: Kx'Fex III[RuII(CN)6]y, wherein Fe3+ and Ru2+ color centers are flanked by CN- ligands. Nanoscale electrical conductivities determined by conducting atomic force microscopy were deduced to be 1.03 and 147.4 mS cm-1, for the RP and WO3-PBV LbL films respectively, which confirmed their ability to function as mixed conductors, attributes pertinent during optical switching. Reversible bias induced transition between purple and colorless hues was attained in the RP film and between deep blue and colorless states was achieved for the WO3-PBV LbL film with coloration efficiencies of 188 and 380 cm2 C-1 respectively. A complementarily coloring electrochromic device of WO3-PBV/RP was fabricated with an environmentally benign, inexpensive aqueous electrolyte, which switched between blue, purple, and colorless states. The device exhibited an electrochromic efficiency of 476 cm2 C-1 at 580 nm, an outstanding transmission modulation of 49%, and short switching times (~1 s); all under remarkably low operating voltages of ±1 V. The WO3-PBV/RP device can deliver high optical contrast under low operating bias, and is highly scalable and durable, which demonstrates it to be ideal for practical optical switching devices like fast changing displays or smart windows.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electrochromic device; Layer-by-layer; Poly(butyl viologen); Ruthenium purple; Tungsten oxide
Subjects: Chemistry
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: Team Library
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2014 06:15
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2017 09:27
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/1176
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2014.08.034
OA policy: http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/0927-0248/
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