Ti@MoS2 incorporated Polypropylene/Nylon fabric-based porous, breathable triboelectric nanogenerator as respiration sensor and ammonia gas sensor applications

Badhulika, Sushmee (2023) Ti@MoS2 incorporated Polypropylene/Nylon fabric-based porous, breathable triboelectric nanogenerator as respiration sensor and ammonia gas sensor applications. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 380. p. 133346. ISSN 0925-4005

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Abstract

High output and non-interrupted power supply from fabric-based nanogenerators still remain a major challenge in developing self-powered wearable electronic applications. Addressing this, we demonstrate a low-cost, lead-free triboelectric nanogenerator based on hydrothermally grown Titanium (Ti) functionalized Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) interspersed polypropylene (PP) cloth and sandwiched with Nylon cloth for a highly sensitive respiration sensor and self-powered ammonia gas sensor. The nanogenerator with the device configuration Cu/Ti@MoS2/PP: Nylon /Ag is attached to a respiratory mask, and the open-circuit voltage (Voc) and short-circuit current density (JSC) during respiration cycles were obtained as 29.3 V and 42.7 µA/cm2 respectively. A significant difference in the breath pattern of human respiration cycles. Further, a fully self-powered ammonia gas sensor was demonstrated by integrating the triboelectric nanogenerator with Ti@MoS2/PP ammonia sensor. The self-powered Ti- MoS2 on PP cloth-based gas sensor driven by TENG displays an excellent response with a wide dynamic sensing range of ammonia gas from 200 ppb to 2600 ppb at room temperature, with a high sensitivity, selectivity and a rapid response time. This study explores the bifunctional nature of Ti@MoS2 nanoparticles as a respiratory mask and a self-powered ammonia gas sensor fabricated with excellent potential for self-powered health diagnostic applications.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Badhulika, Sushmeehttp://www.orcid.org/0000-0003-3237-3031
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ammonia gas sensor; Energy harvester; MoS2; Respiration sensor; Triboelectric nanogenerator; Ammonia; Chemical sensors; Gas detectors; Gases; Layered semiconductors; Molybdenum disulfide; Polyamides; Polypropylenes; Rayon; Titanium compounds; Triboelectricity; Wearable sensors; Ammonia gas sensors; Energy Harvester; Nanogenerators; Nylon fabrics; Respiration cycle; Respiration sensor; Respiratory masks; Self-powered; Titania; Triboelectric nanogenerator; Nanogenerators
Subjects: Electrical Engineering
Electrical Engineering > Electrical and Electronic
Divisions: Department of Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Nigam Prasad Bisoyi
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2023 05:21
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2023 05:21
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/11679
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2023.133346
OA policy: https://www.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/16792
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