Influences of matrix strength and weak planes on fracture response of recycled aggregate concrete

Subramaniam, Kolluru V.L. (2023) Influences of matrix strength and weak planes on fracture response of recycled aggregate concrete. Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics, 124. p. 103801. ISSN 0167-8442

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Abstract

The fracture behaviours of concrete made with natural aggregate and recycled coarse aggregate (RCA) derived from crushing old concrete are compared. The performances are evaluated using concrete proportioned for different compressive strengths. The RCA from crushed old concrete produces a composite aggregate with mortar and aggregate phases. An examination of the RCA shows pre-existing cracks in the aggregate phase. Crack propagation and crack opening profiles in the fracture response of concrete beams are evaluated using the Digital Image Correlation (DIC) technique. The displacement profiles across the beam obtained using DIC are evaluated to understand the crack growth in the concrete. The cohesive stress response and an energy measure determined from the fracture test are related to physical observations of the fracture surface. The crack path in the concrete and the contribution of the different interfaces depend on the strength of the matrix surrounding the aggregate. In concrete with lower cementitious and higher water contents, the new mortar interface with RCA and the pre-existing cracks in the RCA contribute to the fracture surface in the RCA. While a larger fracture surface area is created in concrete made with RCA, the energy measure and the cohesive stress determined from the fracture test are lower. In concrete proportioned for higher compressive strength, there is a densification of the RCA-mortar interface and the fracture plane is produced through the aggregates. The pre-existing cracks in the RCA create weak planes, which contribute to the fracture surface created. Improving the mortar-RCA interface does not result in an improvement in tensile strength or fracture characteristics since there is also a significant contribution of the weak planes in the aggregate phase of RCA to the failure surface. The measured fracture surface area does not correlate with the energy measure from fracture test response.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Subramaniam, Kolluru V.L.http://www.orcid.org/0000-0002-5995-0911
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cohesive stress; Crack separation; Fracture; Interface; RAC; Recycled Concrete Aggregate; Cohesive stress; Crack separation; Energy measure; Fracture response; Fracture surface area; Fracture surfaces; Pre-existing crack; RAC; Recycled coarse aggregate; Recycled concrete aggregates; Compressive strength; Concrete aggregates; Concrete beams and girders; Crack propagation; Fracture testing; Image correlation; Mortar; Recycling; Tensile strength; Fracture
Subjects: Civil Engineering > Construction & Building Technology
Civil Engineering
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Nigam Prasad Bisoyi
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2023 07:24
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2023 07:24
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/11670
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tafmec.2023.103801
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/12462
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