On the stability of Ni/γ-Al2O3 catalyst and the effect of H2O and O2 during biogas reforming

Janardhanan, V (2023) On the stability of Ni/γ-Al2O3 catalyst and the effect of H2O and O2 during biogas reforming. Applied Catalysis A: General, 651. p. 119033. ISSN 0926-860X

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This work systematically studies the effect of process conditions on catalyst stability during biogas reforming to syngas. To study the effect of different oxidizer content and temperature on reforming reactions, appropriate ratios of H2O/CH4, O2/CH4, and operating temperatures are identified using chemical equilibrium analysis. Reactions are performed on 10 wt% Ni/γ-Al2O3 in a fixed bed reactor at different WHSVs. Reactions performed at high WHSV and 600–800 ∘C reveal catalyst deactivation at high steam content. The observed deactivation of the catalyst is due to the loss of active nickel sites because of sintering, carbon deposition, and the formation of inactive spinel. The addition of O2 even in a small quantity improves the catalyst stability. The catalysts are characterized using XRD, FTIR, TPR, BET, TGA, XPS, and TEM.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Janardhanan, Vhttp://orcid.org/0000-0002-3458-4169
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biogas; Catalyst; CO2; Deactivation; Reforming; Biogas reforming; Catalyst stability; CH 4; Chemical equilibriums; Deactivation; Effect of H; Operating temperature; Process condition; Syn gas; ]+ catalyst; Aluminum compounds; Catalyst activity; Catalyst deactivation; Chemical reactors; Nickel compounds; Sintering; Steam reforming; biogas
Subjects: Chemical Engineering
Chemical Engineering > Biochemical Engineering
Divisions: Department of Chemical Engineering
Depositing User: Mr Nigam Prasad Bisoyi
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2023 05:25
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2023 05:25
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/11581
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcata.2023.119033
OA policy: https://www.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/11128
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