Syntheses and characterization of two new layered ternary chalcogenides NaScQ2 (Q = Se and Te)

Panigrahi, Gopabandhu and Yadav, Sweta and Niranjan, Manish K. and Prakash, J. and et al, . (2022) Syntheses and characterization of two new layered ternary chalcogenides NaScQ2 (Q = Se and Te). New Journal of Chemistry, 46. pp. 1-12. ISSN 1144-0546

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Two new mixed metal ternary chalcogenides, NaScSe2 and NaScTe2, have been synthesized by the high-temperature reaction of elements using the sealed tube method. Single crystal X-ray diffraction studies show that both compounds are isostructural and adopt the trigonal crystal system with space group R3̄m with three formula units (Z = 3). The NaScQ2 structure consists of three unique crystallographic sites: Na, Sc, and Q sites. The Sc atom in this structure sits at the center of an octahedron of six Q atoms. The six Sc-Q bonds are identical, but the geometry of ScQ6 is slightly distorted compared with the ideal octahedron. The ScQ6 octahedra are conjoined to adjacent units via edge-sharing to form two-dimensional layers of 2∞[ScQ2]1−. Two such layers are separated by the filling of Na+ cations, each surrounded by six Q atoms forming distorted octahedral geometry. These two chalcogenides are valence precise [Na1+Sc3+(Q2−)2]. The optical absorption and thermal conductivity measurements were carried out on the polycrystalline samples of NaScQ2. The optical bandgap value for NaScSe2 (1.5(1) eV) and NaScTe2 (1.2(1) eV) confirms their semiconducting nature. The high-temperature resistivity and Seebeck coefficient studies were also performed on a sintered polycrystalline sample of NaScTe2. The emission spectroscopic analysis of the polycrystalline NaScSe2 was also analyzed to understand the fluorescence properties. DFT calculations were performed to study the electronic structure, optical, and thermoelectric properties of NaScQ2. The COHP analysis shows stronger chemical bonding between the Sc and Te atoms compared with that of Na atoms in the NaScQ2 structure. © 2022 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Niranjan, Manish K
Prakash, J.
Item Type: Article
Additional Information: JP thanks DST-SERB, the Government of India (GOI) for the financial support under the core research grant (Grant number: CRG/2021/0003641), and IIT Hyderabad for the research facilities. GP and SJ thank MOE and IIT Hyderabad for the research fellowships. SY thanks MOE, GOI for the prime minister research fellowship (PMRF). The authors also gratefully acknowledge DST-FIST (SR/FST/ETI-421/2016) for the SEM-EDX facility used in this work.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Atoms; Chalcogenides; Chemical bonds; Crystal atomic structure; Electronic structure; Selenium; Spectroscopic analysis; Tellurium compounds; Thermal conductivity
Subjects: Physics
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Department of Physics
Depositing User: Ms Palak Jain
Date Deposited: 22 May 2023 09:46
Last Modified: 22 May 2023 09:46
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