A review of NDE techniques for hydrogels

Potukuchi, Sasidhar and Chinthapenta, Viswanath and Raju, Gangadharan (2022) A review of NDE techniques for hydrogels. Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation. pp. 1-33. ISSN 1058-9759

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The rapid advancements in the areas of biosensors, soft robotics, and tissue engineering increased the demand for hydrogels (gels) and their composites. This is aided by the ease of tailoring their properties. Consequently, insights into the physical, chemical, mechanical and thermal behaviour of gels become critical. While these insights are traditionally obtained using conventional mechanical tests, performing these becomes difficult owing to the low stiffness and slippery nature of gels. The former is typical of materials like rubber and foam, while the latter is specific to gels. Therefore, reliable non-destructive evaluation (NDE) methods became important to address these difficulties. A range of NDE techniques, based on different physical and mechanical principles, are currently available. This article summarises the established and upcoming NDE techniques to encourage novel research in NDE from a soft materials perspective. It reviews the use of techniques like visual inspection, ultrasonic testing, digital image correlation, optical coherence tomography, infrared thermography, vibration testing, terahertz testing and shearography for the mechanical evaluation of gels. The hardware, working principles, advantages, and disadvantages, and the major areas of application are discussed for each technique. Future directions with regards to conjugated deployment of techniques, interfacing with machine learning, and real-time monitoring capabilities. © 2022 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Raju, Gangadharanhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6612-8280
Item Type: Article
Additional Information: VC would like to acknowledge funding from the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) under the project grant, numbered AMP/004/IITHRC-005. Author VC would also like to acknowledge the funding from Dassault Systemes Foundation, Inda (La Fondation) under the grant number IN-2019-001. Author SP is partially supported from the above two project grants and acknowledges them.
Uncontrolled Keywords: biomechanics; hydrogels; mechanical properties; Non-destructive evaluation; soft materials
Subjects: Others > Mechanics
Others > Aerospace Technology
Divisions: Department of Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2022 11:37
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2022 11:37
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/11398
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/10589759.2022.2144304
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/5896
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