Recent trends in photoelectrochemical water splitting: the role of cocatalysts

Kumar, Mohit and Meena, Bhagatram and Subramanyam, Palyam and Suryakala, Duvvuri and Subrahmanyam, Challapalli (2022) Recent trends in photoelectrochemical water splitting: the role of cocatalysts. NATURE PORTFOLIO.

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Environmental degradation due to the carbon emissions from burning fossil fuels has triggered the need for sustainable and renewable energy. Hydrogen has the potential to meet the global energy requirement due to its high energy density; moreover, it is also clean burning. Photoelectrochemical (PEC) water splitting is a method that generates hydrogen from water by using solar radiation. Despite the advantages of PEC water splitting, its applications are limited by poor efficiency due to the recombination of charge carriers, high overpotential, and sluggish reaction kinetics. The synergistic effect of using different strategies with cocatalyst decoration is promising to enhance efficiency and stability. Transition metal-based cocatalysts are known to improve PEC efficiency by reducing the barrier to charge transfer. Recent developments in novel cocatalyst design have led to significant advances in the fundamental understanding of improved reaction kinetics and the mechanism of hydrogen evolution. To highlight key important advances in the understanding of surface reactions, this review provides a detailed outline of very recent reports on novel PEC system design engineering with cocatalysts. More importantly, the role of cocatalysts in surface passivation and photovoltage, and photocurrent enhancement are highlighted. Finally, some challenges and potential opportunities for designing efficient cocatalysts are discussed.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Subrahmanyam, ChallapalliUNSPECIFIED
Item Type: Other
Additional Information: The authors would like to thank the JICA for financial support under the JICA-IITH Friendship Program.
Subjects: Chemistry
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2022 09:20
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2022 06:32
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