Neurotoxic mechanisms of triclosan: The antimicrobial agent emerging as a toxicant

Pullaguri, Narasimha and Umale, Ashwini and Bhargava, Anamika (2022) Neurotoxic mechanisms of triclosan: The antimicrobial agent emerging as a toxicant. Wiley.

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Several scientific studies have suggested a link between increased exposure to pollutants and a rise in the number of neurodegenerative disorders of unknown origin. Notably, triclosan (an antimicrobial agent) is used in concentrations ranging from 0.3% to 1% in various consumer products. Recent studies have also highlighted triclosan as an emerging toxic pollutant due to its increasing global use. However, a definitive link is missing to associate the rising use of triclosan and the growing number of neurodegenerative disorders or neurotoxicity. In this article, we present systematic scientific evidence which are otherwise scattered to suggest that triclosan can indeed induce neurotoxic effects, especially in vertebrate organisms including humans. Mechanistically, triclosan affected important developmental and differentiation genes, structural genes, genes for signaling receptors and genes for neurotransmitter controlling enzymes. Triclosan-induced oxidative stress impacting cellular proteins and homeostasis which triggers apoptosis. Though the scientific evidence collated in this article unequivocally indicates that triclosan can cause neurotoxicity, further epidemiological studies may be needed to confirm the effects on humans.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Bhargava, Anamika
Item Type: Other
Additional Information: This study was supported by the Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad (IITH) grant to AB and Ministry of Education, India fellowship to NP and AU.
Subjects: Others > Biotechnology
Divisions: Department of Biotechnology
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2022 07:01
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2022 07:01
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