Overall performance impairment and crash risk due to distracted driving: A comprehensive analysis using structural equation modelling .

Choudhary, Pushpa and Pawar, Nishant M. and Velaga, Nagendra R. and Pawar, Digvijay S. (2020) Overall performance impairment and crash risk due to distracted driving: A comprehensive analysis using structural equation modelling . Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, 74. pp. 120-138. ISSN 1369-8478

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Distracted driving leads to performance changes in both longitudinal and lateral control. However, driving performance, being a multidimensional phenomenon, is very difficult to be interpreted from individual performance measures. The present study aimed to exhibit the distraction impacts on overall driving performance estimated by a single measure rather than assessing distraction effects on individual performance metrics such as speed, acceleration, lateral variation, etc. The study also focused on modelling and quantifying the impacts of overall deteriorated driving performance on crash risk. To achieve the objectives, a comparative analysis of investigating phone and music player usage was conducted using Structural Equation Modelling (SEM). In total, 90 drivers’ demographic details and driving performance data in distracted and non-distracted driving environments were collected. Firstly, the latent variable “performance degradation” was derived from longitudinal and lateral performance measures. Then the structural model revealed a positive relationship between the distractions and the overall performance degradation. Finally, the crash risk was modelled against the presence of distraction and performance degradation. With a factor loading of 0.29, the impact of deteriorated driving performance (i.e., indirect impact) was found to be the highest among all the contributory factors of the crash risk. Further, the results showed that among the distractions (i.e., direct impact), texting had the highest impact (factor loading = 0.28) on crash risk followed by visual-manual tasks related to music player (factor loading = 0.21). Thus, the present study quantified the effects of deteriorated driving performance caused by distracted driving on the crash risk. Further, the study also presented quantified effects of each distracting activity on the crash risk which accounted for the factors that could not be considered through the performance degradation measure. The approach used in the present study can be adopted in designing the countermeasures using advanced driver warning systems.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Pawar, Digvijay Shttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-4228-3283
Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Crash risk; Distracted driving; Music player; Performance degradation; Phone use; Structural equation modelling
Subjects: Others > Transportation Science Technology
Civil Engineering
Divisions: Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2022 06:42
Last Modified: 16 Nov 2022 06:42
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/11291
Publisher URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2020.08.018
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/15889
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