Emerging Copper-Based Semiconducting Materials for Photocathodic Applications in Solar Driven Water Splitting

Kumar, Mohit and Meena, Bhagatram and Subramanyam, Palyam and Suryakala, Duvvuri and Subrahmanyam, Challapalli (2022) Emerging Copper-Based Semiconducting Materials for Photocathodic Applications in Solar Driven Water Splitting. MDPI.

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Hydrogen production through solar-driven water splitting is a promising approach and an alternative to the conventional steam reforming of natural gas and coal gasification. The growing energy demand and environmental degradation through carbon-emitting fossil fuels urge a transition in the usage of non-renewable to renewable sources of energy. The photocathodes in a photoelectrochemical (PEC) water-splitting cell are essential for the direct evolution of hydrogen. Among the known photocathodes, Cu-based p-type semiconducting materials are the most promising photo-absorber materials owing to their low-cost, low toxicity, natural abundance, suitable bandgaps, and favorable band edges for reduction. Moreover, the chemical stability and the rate of recombination significantly limit the longevity, the PEC performance, and practical applicability of Cu-based photocathodes. To overcome these problems, it is critical to have a thorough understanding of the constraints, improvement strategies, and an assessment of current developments in order to construct and design highly stable and efficient photocathodes. Here, in this review we have summarized the development of Cu-based metal oxide and sulfide photocathodes with the significant operational challenges and strategies that have successfully been employed to enhance the PEC performance. Furthermore, the emphasis is placed on recent reports and future perspectives regarding emerging challenges.

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IITH Creators:
IITH CreatorsORCiD
Subrahmanyam, Challapallihttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2643-3854
Item Type: Other
Additional Information: Mohit Kumar and Bhagatram Meena would like to thank CSIR-India for the fellowship. Authors would like to thank the JICA for the financial support under the JICA-IITH Friendship 2.0.
Subjects: Chemistry
Divisions: Department of Chemistry
Depositing User: . LibTrainee 2021
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2022 04:51
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2022 04:51
URI: http://raiith.iith.ac.in/id/eprint/11196
Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.3390/catal12101198
OA policy: https://v2.sherpa.ac.uk/id/publication/22266
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